Akka mahadevi vachana in kannada

akka mahadevi vachana in kannada

Akka Mahadevi, a prominent 12th-century mystic and poet, holds a special place in the rich tapestry of Kannada literature and Bhakti movement. Her Vachanas, a collection of devotional poems, reflect her deep spiritual insights and unwavering devotion. In this article, we will delve into the life and philosophy of Akka Mahadevi, exploring the profound meanings embedded in her Vachanas in the Kannada language.

The Life of Akka Mahadevi

Akka Mahadevi was born in Udutadi, Karnataka, in the 12th century. From a young age, she displayed a keen interest in spirituality and a strong inclination towards devotion. Renouncing worldly pleasures, she embarked on a journey of self-discovery and divine connection. Akka Mahadevi’s life is a testament to her unwavering commitment to the spiritual path, breaking societal norms to seek a higher truth.

The Bhakti Movement in Karnataka

To understand the significance of Akka Mahadevi’s Vachanas, it’s crucial to grasp the historical context of the Bhakti movement in Karnataka during her time. The movement, characterized by intense devotion to a personal god, aimed to foster a direct connection between the devotee and the divine, transcending traditional religious rituals. Akka Mahadevi’s Vachanas emerged as a powerful expression of her devotion and played a pivotal role in shaping the Bhakti movement in Karnataka.

Overview of Vachanas

Vachanas are a form of rhythmic and free-verse poetry that emerged as a powerful medium of expression during the Bhakti movement. These devotional hymns, composed by saints and mystics, were often spontaneous expressions of their intense spiritual experiences. Akka Mahadevi’s Vachanas, written in the Kannada language, are known for their simplicity, depth, and universal appeal.

Themes in Akka Mahadevi Vachanas

Unconditional Love and Devotion

Akka Mahadevi’s Vachanas are imbued with a profound sense of love and devotion to the divine. The poet expresses a deep yearning for union with her chosen deity, transcending the boundaries of worldly attachments. The themes of love and devotion are recurrent in her verses, emphasizing the transformative power of divine love.

Rejecting Social Conventions

Akka Mahadevi, true to the spirit of the Bhakti movement, vehemently rejected societal norms that hindered her spiritual journey. Her Vachanas reflect her courage in challenging the established order, advocating for a direct and unmediated connection with the divine. Through her verses, she encourages others to break free from societal expectations and embrace a path of spiritual liberation.

Metaphorical Language

The Vachanas of Akka Mahadevi are often steeped in metaphorical language, using symbols and analogies to convey profound spiritual truths. The poet employs natural imagery, everyday experiences, and allegorical narratives to elucidate the complexities of the spiritual journey. This metaphorical richness adds depth and layers of meaning to her Vachanas.

Influence on Kannada Literature

Akka Mahadevi’s contributions to Kannada literature extend beyond the realm of devotional poetry. Her Vachanas, written in a language accessible to the common people, played a pivotal role in shaping the evolution of Kannada as a literary medium. The simplicity and universality of her verses continue to resonate with readers, inspiring generations of poets and scholars.

Popular Akka Mahadevi Vachanas in Kannada

ಚೇತನಾಲಂಕಾರ ಹೊಡೆದೆನ್ನ ಪ್ರಭು, ಚಿತ್ತಾಲಂಕಾರ ಬಟ್ಟಿದೆನ್ನ ಹೃದಯ

(Chetanalankara hodede enna prabhu, chittalankara battide enna hrudaya)

Translation: “I have adorned my consciousness, my Lord, and my heart with the ornaments of awareness.”

ಮರೆತೆನ್ನ ಕಾಮ, ಜನನ ಮರಣಗಳೆಂಬ ಮೋಹವೊಂದು ನಾ ಬಿಟ್ಟಿದೇನು

(Maretenna kama, janana maranagalemba mohavondu na bittidenu)

Translation: “I have abandoned the illusion of desires, birth, and death.”

ಕೈ ಬಾಲೆಯ ಕೊಳ್ಳುವ ತಕ್ಕ ಬೂದು, ಸುಳಿಯ ಸುಖ ಪುಟ್ಟು ಕೆಡುವ ನೆಂದು ಹೇಳುವ ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣ

(Kai baaleya kolluva takka boodu, suliya sukha puttukedu vendu heluva brahmana)


“A Brahmin who takes pleasure in picking grains with his hands, calling it impure, is a fool.”

Impact on Contemporary Society

The teachings of Akka Mahadevi, as encapsulated in her Vachanas, continue to resonate in contemporary society. Her emphasis on love, equality, and the rejection of societal prejudices remains relevant, inspiring individuals to seek a higher purpose beyond material pursuits. The universal themes in her poetry bridge the gap between the ancient and the modern, fostering a sense of timeless wisdom.


In exploring Akka Mahadevi Vachanas in Kannada, we have uncovered a treasure trove of spiritual wisdom and devotion. Her poetic expressions transcend time, offering a glimpse into the profound insights of a mystic who dared to challenge societal norms for the pursuit of divine truth. As we reflect on her Vachanas, we find a guiding light that illuminates the path of love, devotion, and spiritual liberation—a legacy that continues to enrich the cultural and spiritual fabric of Karnataka.

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